Astor Fountain 36.5″ High

Garden fountains were first used in the Middle East. Drawings can be seen on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs showing garden fountains in the courtyards of homes. They were usually depicted as being rectangular and lined by trees. Water and the shade of the trees provided a cooling escape from the hot sun. Originally fountains were purely functional, mainly being connected to springs or aqueducts they provided a source for drinking water and water for bathing or washing. Later they were used as decoration or to celebrate their builders.

As bathing rituals were important to the Romans, public baths were often found in gardens with fountains. In the Middle East where deserts were abundant, pools and fountains provided great relief from the heat.

Ancient Greeks were apparently the first to use gravity and aqueducts to power fountains to distribute water. This technology was later adopted by others to create more fountains per area and higher jets. The amount of aqueducts used and the distance and height from which the water travelled determined what kind of fountain or pool was created.

In Spain similar garden pools and fountains were seen to have been built as early as the 15th century and in India they began building them in the 17th and 18th century.

By the late 18th century, gardens often were designed to look more natural with rivers and ponds haphazardly placed amongst trees and shrubs.

By the 20th century as indoor plumbing became the main source for drinking water fountains became purely decorative.  As the love of nature continued, architects would incorporate fountains into the homes or gardens decor.  Indoor fountains and pools were often found appearing in malls, offices and homes.

Fountains are used today to decorate city parks and squares; to commemorate individuals or events; for recreation and entertainment.

Azusa Urn Wall Fountain with Light

Fountains comes in all different shapes and sizes and style from around the world.